Area: 504,782 sq km (194,897 sq miles).
Population: 39,371,147 (1998).
Population Density: 78.0 per sq km.
Capital: Madrid
Population: 5,091,336 (1998).

Geography: Spain shares the Iberian peninsula with Portugal and is bounded to the north by the Pyrenees, which separate Spain from France . The Balearic Islands (Mallorca, Menorca, Ibiza and Formentera), 193km (120 miles) southeast of Barcelona , and the Canary Islands off the west coast of Africa are part of Spain , as are the tiny enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla on the north African mainland. With the exception of Switzerland , mainland Spain is the highest and most mountainous country in Europe , with an average height of 610m (2000ft). The Pyrenees

Government: Constitutional monarchy since 1978. Monarch. Head of State since 1975. Head of Government since 1996.

Language: Spanish (Castillian), Catalan, Galician and Basque.

Religion: Roman Catholic majority

Time: Mainland Spain/Balearics: GMT + 1 (GMT + 2 from last Sunday in March to Saturday before last Sunday in October).

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